Different cuts of Boards
The type of wood cut is determined by the angle at which a board is cut from the log.
There are four commonly used cuts of wood: Plain sawn, Quarter sawn, Live sawn and Rift Sawn. Each of these cuts produces a plank of different appearance. Lets lake a look..
Plain Sawn: The most commonly used cut is plain sawn. The log is squared and sawed lengthwise by parallel cuts. The growth rings appear as straight lines on the board, joining at the end to form a parabola. Because of this appearance, plain sawn boards are often considered the most appealing of the cuts. These planks are ideal for floors, tables or furniture. Plain sawn planks are usually the least expensive planks as their production leaves very little waste.
Quarter Sawn: Quarter sawn planks are produced by cutting a log into quarters and then making parallel cuts, perpendicular to the tree’s growth rings. The grain in quarter sawn wood is more consistent and the growth rings will be at a 60 to 90 degree angle in the plank. This method makes quarter sawn boards less likely to cup, warp or twist.
Rift Sawn: In this cutting method the log is quartered and then cut. As the cuts get closer to the outside of the log the angle of the grain changes to 30-60 degrees. This cut makes an easy to match board for a uniform appearance of your surface.
Live sawn: Live Sawing is straight cutting the log from the outside diameter through the heartwood. The boards incorporate the full range of the log’s characteristics resulting in a unique mix of clear and natural grades with grain direction varying from plain sawn to rift & quartered sawn.